When did Latin American countries gain independence?

Latin American Independence Dates

Country Independence
Honduras 15 September 1821 (from Spain)
Mexico 16 September 1810 (from Spain)
Nicaragua 15 September 1821 (from Spain)
Panama 3 November 1903 (from Colombia; became independent from Spain: 28 November 1821)

When did Latin American countries become independent?

After three centuries of colonial rule, independence came rather suddenly to most of Spanish and Portuguese America. Between 1808 and 1826 all of Latin America except the Spanish colonies of Cuba and Puerto Rico slipped out of the hands of the Iberian powers who had ruled the region since the conquest.

How did Latin Americans gain their independence?

Independence from Spain came suddenly for most of Latin America. Between 1810 and 1825, most of Spain’s former colonies declared and won independence and had divided up into republics. Sentiment had been growing in the colonies for some time, dating back to the American Revolution.

What Latin American countries became independent in the 1800s?

Locations of selected countries that gained independence during the 1800s

  • Mexico.
  • Haiti.
  • Colombia.
  • Venezuela.
  • Brazil.

Which Latin American country won its independence first?

The first country to declare independence was Colombia in 1810. The last was Suriname in 1975. French Guiana is still an official part of France.

What Spanish Latin American countries became independent between 1800 and 1830?

This empire lasted for over 300 years. Then, between the years 1811 and 1830 one Spanish colony after another – Uruguay, Para- guay, Chile, Mexico, Ecuador, the United Provinces of Central America, Peru, Bo- livia, Columbia, and Venezuela – declared their independence from Spain.

Why did Latin American countries want independence?

The Creoles badly wanted to become government officials and to have fewer restrictions on trade. Spain gave them neither, which caused great resentment and helped lead to independence.

What influenced Latin America to fight for independence?

The origins of the Latin American independence movements of the early 1800s might be traced to changes in imperial administration. After many years of semi-autonomous local rule and limited metropolitan intervention, new bureaucratic reforms in the eighteenth century caused some discomfort in the American colonies.

Why did so many Latin American nations gain independence by 1830?

Why did so many Latin American nations gain independence by 1830? They were influenced by the independence of the United States.

What parts of South America had not yet gained its independence?

Answer and Explanation: The only South American country that is not independent is French Guiana, a region of France itself.

Who Freed Colombia from Spain?

Bolívar himself led multiple expeditionary forces against the Spaniards, and between 1819 and 1822 he successfully liberated three territories—New Granada (Colombia and Panama), Venezuela, and Quito (Ecuador)—from Spanish rule.

When did Latin American countries transition to democracy?

The 1980s have ushered in a drastic change in the political climate of Latin America where a conspicuous tide of democratization effected a shift of political power from military to civilian rule. Nearly all the countries have been democratized and constitutional transfer of political power has become commonplace.

Which Latin American countries gained independence in the 1820s?


Country Colonial name Independence date
Panama as part of Gran Colombia Viceroyalty of New Granada November 28, 1821
Ecuador as part of Gran Colombia May 24, 1822
Peru Viceroyalty of Peru December 9, 1824
Bolivia Real Audiencia of Charcas August 6, 1825

What happened in Latin America in the early 1800s?

In the early nineteenth century nearly all of areas of Spanish America attained independence by armed struggle, with the exceptions of Cuba and Puerto Rico. Brazil, which had become a monarchy separate from Portugal, became a republic in the late nineteenth century.

What Latin American countries were independent by 1825?

In 1825, the Spanish Empire in the Americas was reduced to Cuba and Puerto Rico, and there was nothing left of the Portuguese one. However, the independence at the beginning of the 19th century did not separate the Americas from Europe.

Which Latin American countries gained their independence in 1804?

With the aid of the British, the rebels scored a major victory against the French force there, and on November 9, 1803, colonial authorities surrendered. In 1804, General Dessalines assumed dictatorial power, and Haiti became the second independent nation in the Americas.

What was Haiti called before?

St. Domingue

Prior to its independence, Haiti was a French colony known as St. Domingue. St. Domingue’s slave-based sugar and coffee industries had been fast-growing and successful, and by the 1760s it had become the most profitable colony in the Americas.

Who led the first successful revolution in Latin America?

From 1791 to 1804, you have Toussaint Louveture lead the revolt against French control, eventually gaining independence and establishing Haiti. From 1807 to 1830, you have a series of revolutions in Latin America, many of which were led by Simon Bolivar, who was a Crejo, or Creole, Venezuelan.